Focus on the supply side structural reform and look at the development of nonferrous industry from the perspective of the National Two Sessions
The year 2017 is not only an important year for the implementation of the 13th Five Year Plan, but also a year for deepening the supply side structural reform. It is also a key year for comprehensively deepening the reform in depth. On March 3, the Fifth Session of the 12th CPPCC National Committee was opened in the Great Hall of the People. During the Congress, more than 2000 CPPCC members closely focused on the implementation of the 13th Five Year Plan and other major issues, conducted in-depth consultations on politics and earnestly performed their functions. The members of the nonferrous metals industry brought about the latest development of the industry, concerned about and discussed hot topics related to the national economy and the people's livelihood. From the CPPCC report to the members' discussion, we can touch the general trend of the development of the nonferrous industry.
Tightly follow the supply side structural reform
Yu Zhengsheng, Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, pointed out in the report of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference that the new development concept should be implemented and the supply side structural reform should be closely followed. Focusing on innovation drive and accelerating the cultivation of new driving forces for development, we carried out a series of research and discussion activities on e-commerce development, the combination of Internet and enterprise scientific and technological innovation, international scientific and technological cooperation and big science plans. Focusing on promoting the coordinated development of regions, we put forward suggestions on deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises, strengthening and expanding advantageous industries, stimulating talents and innovation vitality, and improving the level of open economy. Negotiate and discuss politics closely around promoting stable and healthy economic development. Adapting to the new normal of leading economic development, we convened the special political standing committee meeting on "deepening supply side structural reform, promoting stable and healthy economic development" and the special consultative meeting on "building a new type of 'pro' and 'qing' political and business relations, and promoting the healthy development of the private economy", and made research and suggestions on revitalizing the real economy, realizing transformation and upgrading, and reforming the science and technology evaluation system.
The nonferrous metal industry is one of the important basic industries of manufacturing industry and an important support for realizing a manufacturing power. In 2016, the non-ferrous metal industry actively promoted the supply side structural reform and basically achieved stable growth. According to statistics, in 2016, the output of ten kinds of non-ferrous metals in China totaled 52.83 million tons, with a year-on-year growth of 2.5%, including 8.44 million tons of refined copper, 31.87 million tons of primary aluminum, 4.67 million tons of lead and 6.27 million tons of zinc, with a year-on-year growth of 6.0%, 1.3%, 5.7% and 2.0% respectively. In addition, the output of aluminum oxide is 60.91 million tons, that of copper is 20.96 million tons, and that of aluminum is 57.96 million tons, up 3.4%, 12.5%, and 9.7% respectively.
At the same time, China's economic development is at the node of speed change, structural adjustment and kinetic energy conversion. The slowdown of economic growth and the change of demand structure will usher in a major turning point for the development of the non-ferrous metal industry, and the supply side structural reform will be steadily promoted. The 13th Five Year Plan for the development of nonferrous metal industry released last year pointed out that, with strengthening supply side structural reform and expanding market demand as the main line, quality and efficiency as the core, technological innovation as the driving force, high-end materials, green development, integration of industrialization and industrialization, resource protection, international cooperation as the focus, we should accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading and expand new space for industrial development, By the end of 2020, China's nonferrous metal industry will enter the ranks of world powers.
Promote "three removal, one reduction and one compensation"
The CPPCC report focuses on maintaining stable and healthy economic development and promoting "three elimination, one reduction and one compensation". It holds a quarterly macroeconomic situation analysis meeting, carries out special research on optimizing financial services and reducing the cost of the real economy, and plays a role in decision-making consultation. We should pay attention to the construction of ecological civilization, improve the protection and utilization of land resources, prevent and control soil pollution, and develop the eco-tourism industry.
During the "Twelfth Five Year Plan" period, the green development of nonferrous metal industry has made new progress. The energy consumption per unit of industrial added value above the designated size of the nonferrous metals industry has been reduced by 22%, and the cumulative elimination of copper, aluminum, lead and zinc smelting capacity has been 2.88 million tons, 2.05 million tons, 3.81 million tons and 860000 tons, respectively. The backward capacity of major varieties has been basically eliminated.
At the same time, during the "Twelfth Five Year Plan" period, the total emissions of key heavy metal pollutants continued to decline.
On the other hand, due to the downturn in the world economy and trade, the economic growth of major economies has slowed down. The shrinking demand for nonferrous metals and overcapacity have become global problems, and structural contradictions remain prominent. In order to promote the withdrawal of inefficient production capacity, it is necessary to further exert the market backward force mechanism, supplemented by necessary economic and administrative means, do a good job of policy guidance, strengthen the standardized management of the industry, and strengthen the law enforcement of non-ferrous metal enterprises in terms of energy conservation, environmental protection, quality and safety. Encourage enterprises to adjust their own development strategies and actively reduce excess and inefficient capacity; We will support enterprises to accelerate the exit of inefficient production capacity through mergers and restructuring, debt restructuring, transformation and other means.
Focusing on the construction and development of the "the Belt and Road"
Yu Zhengsheng pointed out that we should give full play to the advantages of the CPPCC and carry out multi-level and wide-ranging friendly exchanges around the country's overall diplomatic deployment. Pragmatically carry out high-level exchanges, explain the "the Belt and Road" initiative, and introduce the outline of the "13th Five Year Plan". An international situation analysis meeting was held to make suggestions on building a community with a shared future around the world and participating in global economic governance. Focusing on the major issues of the "the Belt and Road" construction, in-depth research was carried out, and suggestions were made for the economic, trade and cultural exchanges, international production capacity cooperation, international communication capacity building, cross-border e-commerce development, etc. of countries along the Belt and Road.
From the domestic situation, the "13th Five Year Plan" is the decisive period for building a well-off society in an all-round way. The fundamentals of long-term economic development have not changed. With the in-depth implementation of national strategies such as the "the Belt and Road", the demand potential and development space of the non-ferrous metal market are still large. The development of strategic emerging industries and national defense science and technology industry, as well as the personalized and high-end transformation of consumer demand, has constantly put forward higher requirements for increasing varieties, improving quality and developing service-oriented manufacturing of non-ferrous metals.
According to the strategic deployment of the "the Belt and Road", it is necessary to give full play to China's advantages in non-ferrous metal smelting and copper and aluminum deep processing technology, equipment and talents, encourage powerful enterprise groups to build smelting projects in overseas regions with rich resources, and build deep processing projects in countries and regions with large non-ferrous metal consumption potential. It is also pointed out in the plan that it is necessary to establish an international capacity cooperation project library, guide and support enterprises to carry out the construction of overseas economic and trade cooperation zones in combination with the construction of major projects, drive the output of the whole industrial chain, and improve the international operation capability.
At the same time, we should improve the level of openness and cooperation, support domestic enterprises to participate in international new materials, intelligent manufacturing and other large-scale scientific and technological cooperation programs, carry out overseas cooperative investment, make full use of international innovation resources and markets, achieve technology upgrading and establish a global production service system.
The curtain of the National "Two Sessions" has been opened, and the steps of the nonferrous industry in the spring are beginning. Under the main line of deepening reform, a key step has been taken in the journey of building a strong nonferrous metal country in an all-round way.