Multi department release of mineral resources planning The reform of mineral resources taxes and fees will be promoted
In order to adapt to market changes, accelerate the restructuring, transformation and upgrading of the mining industry. On November 29, the Ministry of Land and Resources, together with the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Commerce, jointly issued the National Mineral Resources Plan (2016-2020). Clarify the objectives of mineral resources management and mining development during the "13th Five Year Plan" period, as well as the focus of future work.
At present, China's demand for energy resources is slowing down, but the total demand remains at a high level. The Ministry of Land and Resources estimates that by 2020, China's primary energy consumption will be about 5 billion tons of standard coal, 750 million tons of standard iron ore, 13.5 million tons of refined copper and 35 million tons of raw aluminum. Influenced by the international mining market, domestic exploration investment tends to decline, increasing the risk of safe supply of mineral resources in China.
On the other hand, due to the world economic downturn, slowing demand, energy structure adjustment and other factors, the global supply of mineral products is generally excessive, the price drops sharply, and the growth of mining fixed asset investment slows down. Domestic mining enterprises are generally experiencing difficulties in operation and overcapacity in coal, steel, cement and other industries. At the same time, the world's new energy, new materials and other strategic emerging industries have developed rapidly. China's related mineral resources industry has a low level of development, and resource protection needs to be strengthened.
Zhao Long, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Land and Resources, said that according to the Plan, the specific objectives of the development of mineral resources in the country during the "13th Five Year Plan" period include: first, forming a number of strategic contiguous areas of important mineral resources. Strive to discover 5 to 8 billion ton oil fields and 5 to 10 100 billion cubic meter gas fields, and discover and evaluate 300 to 400 large and medium-sized mineral sites.
Secondly, 103 energy resource bases were built, 267 national planned mining areas were designated, and the domestic safe supply capacity of strategic minerals such as iron, copper, bauxite and potash was consolidated. To delimit 28 mining areas of great value to the national economy and strengthen the protection and reserve of important minerals.
In order to promote the adjustment of the structure and layout of mineral development and utilization, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of mining industry, and improve the quality and efficiency of mining development. The Plan proposes to optimize the regional layout of mineral development; Strengthen resource conservation and intensive recycling; We will promote scientific and technological innovation in the mining sector, develop the "Internet plus mining" approach, and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional mining.
Zhao Long told the Economic Reference Daily that the Planning has clarified some system designs in leading the reform of mineral resources management and enhancing the vitality of mining development. These include: first, opening the market for oil, gas and uranium exploration and development. Accelerate the promotion of reform pilot projects in Xinjiang, promote the reform of oil and gas exploration and exploitation system and mechanism, gradually open the upstream exploration and development market, and introduce social capital. In accordance with the principles of socialization of exploration, marketization of mining rights, diversification of investment and specialization of mining, we will intensify the reform of the uranium exploration and development system, orderly liberalize the uranium exploration and development market, actively guide social capital into the field of uranium exploration, and accelerate the process of uranium exploration and development.
Secondly, expand the scope of competitive transfer of mining rights. Adhere to the orientation of market competition and establish a way of transferring mining rights that meets the requirements of market economy and mining laws. We will explore ways to expand the scope of competitive transfer of mining rights, further promote the transfer of exploration rights and mining rights through bidding, auction and listing, and strive to break institutional barriers, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of various market entities, and attract social capital and venture capital.
Thirdly, promote the reform of mineral resources tax system. Establish a national equity fund system for mineral resources and improve relevant supporting systems. We will adjust the standards for the use fees of exploration rights and mining rights, establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism, and improve the minimum exploration investment system.